World leaders call for coup reversal
Hondurans in the Cayman Islands found themselves searching for news from their homeland as Honduras’ newly appointed leader vowed Monday to resist pressure from across the Americas to reinstate the president ousted in a military coup.
Leaders from Hugo Chavez to Barack Obama called for the reinstatement of Manuel Zelaya, who was arrested in his pyjamas Sunday morning by soldiers who stormed his residence and flew him into exile.
Roberto Micheletti, appointed president by congress, insisted that Zelaya was legally removed by the courts and Congress for violating Honduras’ constitution – allegedly to extend his rule.
Cayman Islands Leader of Government Business McKeeva Bush said he could not comment on diplomatic relationships; that is left up to the UK.
‘Where we have things like flights or business agreements with Honduras, they will continue,’ he said.
One expatriate Honduran in Cayman, Roger Alexis Espinal, who runs Latin Tastes restaurant in George Town, said he believes the coup that removed President Zelaya was necessary.
‘It is a move that had to be done,’ he said, describing Zelaya as a puppet of Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez.
He was concerned that the ousting of a democratically elected politician was a backward step for the country and how that might be perceived abroad, but was hopeful for the future. ‘I know it’s for the best. I hope the new president can do a good job,’ he said.
Another Honduran living in Cayman, Willmers Bush, said he is ashamed at how Zelaya was removed, but said, ‘He had to go… It was a bubble that was about to burst.
‘I’m sorry they could not find any dialogue,’ he said.
Mr. Bush said the situation had returned to normal in his hometown in La Ceiba and his family and others there had gone to work on Monday. ‘We think the curfew will probably still be in place tonight [Monday] but it might be the last night.’
Zelaya’s ouster was Central America’s first coup in at least 16 years, a blow from the barracks that reminded many of the military dictatorships the region has tried to bury in its past.
Latin American leaders gathered in Nicaragua to draft a response, with all eyes on Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, who said he would “overthrow” Micheletti.
Micheletti shrugged aside Chavez’s threat, telling HRN radio on Monday: “Nobody scares us.”
Micheletti acknowledged that he had not spoken to any Latin American heads of state, but said: “I’m sure that 80 to 90 per cent of the Honduran population is happy with what happened.”
The Obama administration denounced the coup and US officials said they were working for Zelaya’s return. European Union officials offered to mediate talks between the two sides.
The Organization of American States called for Zelaya’s return and summoned a meeting of foreign ministers on Tuesday that could make Honduras the first nation suspended from the organisation under a 2001 charter banning “the unconstitutional interruption of democratic order.”
Chavez cast the dispute as an attempt by a wealthy elite to suppress the poor.
“If the oligarchies break the rules of the game as they have done, the people have the right to resistance and combat, and we are with them,” Chavez said in the Nicaraguan capital, Managua.
Conservative Latin American governments also denounced the takeover. Mexico announced it was giving diplomatic protection to Zelaya’s foreign minister, Patricia Rodas, who fled to Mexico City.
Zelaya was arrested and flown to Costa Rica hours before a rogue referendum he had called in defiance of Honduras’ courts and Congress. His opponents claimed the vote was an attempt to remain in power after his term ends Jan. 27.
Micheletti said he would serve only until the end of Zelaya’s term.
“We respect everybody and we ask only that they respect us and leave us in peace because the country is headed toward free and transparent general elections in November,” Micheletti said.
His designated foreign minister, Enrique Ortez Colindres, told HRN that no coup had occurred. Ortez said the military had merely upheld the constitution “that the earlier government wanted to reform without any basis and in an illegal way.”
Troops with riot shields surrounded the presidential palace and armoured military vehicles were parked in front. But soldiers made no attempt to clear away about 200 pro-Zelaya protesters who were burning tires and other debris, as well as blocking streets with downed trees and billboards.
“We want our elected and democratic president, not this other one that the world doesn’t recognize,” said Marco Gallo, a 50-year-old retired teacher.
The Honduran constitution limits presidents to a single four-year term and forbids any modification of that limit. Zelaya’s opponents feared the referendum was part of an attempt to try to run again, just as other Latin American leaders have removed constitutional clauses designed to prevent strongmen from extending their rule.
Two senior Obama administration officials told reporters that US diplomats had warned in recent days against a coup, but that Honduran military leaders stopped taking their calls. They said the administration is now working to ensure Zelaya’s safe return.
“I call on all political and social actors in Honduras to respect democratic norms, the rule of law and the tenets of the Inter-American Democratic Charter,” Obama said in a statement.
For those conditions to be met, Zelaya must be returned to power, US officials said.
The president of Latin America’s largest nation, Brazil’s Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, said on his weekly radio program that his country will not recognize any Honduran government that doesn’t have Zelaya as president “because he was directly elected by the vote, complying with the rules of democracy.”
He also said Honduras risks isolation from the rest of the hemisphere.
“We in Latin America can no longer accept someone trying to resolve his problem through the means of a coup,” Silva said.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the Rio Group, which comprises 23 nations from the hemisphere, also condemned the coup and called for Zelaya’s return.
Zelaya said soldiers seized him in his pyjamas at gunpoint in what he called a “kidnapping.”
“I want to return to my country. I am president of Honduras,” he said in Costa Rica before travelling to Managua on one of Chavez’s planes for regional meetings of Central American leaders and Chavez’s leftist alliance of nations, known as ALBA.
Coups were common in Central America until the 1980s, but Sunday’s ouster was the first military power grab in Latin America since a brief, failed 2002 coup against Chavez.
It was the first military ouster of a Central American president since 1993, when Guatemalan military officials refused to accept President Jorge Serrano’s attempt to seize absolute power and removed him.