Gulf oil spill dampens 4 July fireworks

Add fireworks to the list of
seaside pleasures tarred by the Gulf Coast’s oil crisis.

Some Fourth of July shows were
cancelled this weekend because of budget woes as tourism plunges across the region,
pyrotechnic companies said. Other cities moved popular beachfront celebrations
inland out of fear a stray fireworks ember could ignite oily waters.

But the biggest complication
comes from the cleanup itself. With a massive armada of vessels needed to fight
the spreading slick, barges used to launch fireworks have found more lucrative
work offshore.

“I have not heard from my
captain for three days,” said Mike Farren, of Pyro Shows, a Tennessee company
with more than two dozen fireworks shows on the Gulf Coast this year.
Headquarters dispatched Farren to supervise the frantic reworking of the pyrotechnic
logistics – mostly moving the firework shows from sea to land.

“We’re doing 25 or 30 shows down
here, and most of them are suffering some way or the other, and changing everything,”
Mr. Farren said.

A relocated or downsized
fireworks display certainly pales in the growing roster of woes facing the Gulf
Coast as vacation bookings drop by as much as 50 percent and businesses warn of
impending bankruptcy if summer traffic doesn’t improve.

But the scramble by Farren and
other firework engineers, as well as local organizers, reflects the broad,
insidious impact the BP oil spill is having on daily life throughout the region.

As oil began threatening the Florida
Panhandle after the April 20 explosion of the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig,
Santa Rosa County tourism director Kate Wilkes began wondering if the annual
Navarre Beach fireworks show was at risk. She and other organisers were
concerned floating plumes of oil could catch fire during the show.

No clue

“Who knows?” said Ms Wilkes. “We
started talking about it right away.”

Santa Rosa decided to move its
fireworks launch site from a new 1,504-foot fishing pier on the Gulf to the
inland Santa Rosa Sound, where the chances of an oil slick seemed remote.

Concerns about a near-shore fire
proved to be overkill – the latest report had the Gulf plume 30 miles from the
Florida Panhandle, with light sheen and tar balls the main problem here.

“We shouldn’t have changed it,”
Ms Wilkes said. “But we didn’t know. We went with what was safe.”

Santa Rosa can consider itself
lucky for the Fourth – it managed to secure a fireworks barge at the last
minute. Organisers in other seaside areas including Pensacola Beach, Seaside
and Panama City Beach faced the opposite problem: seeing barges reserved months
ahead of time suddenly snatched by the Gulf oil cleanup, firework companies

The shows will go on, but
sharp-eyed firework fans may notice subtle differences, said Pyro Shows owner
Lansden Hill.

Smaller, fewer

Because they are hundreds of
yards from crowds, floating barges allow pyrotechnic engineers to fire large
shells high into the air. Moving a show to land, such as a crowded beach,
requires smaller munitions, Mr. Hill said. The result: firework displays that
explode into a smaller radius and soar shorter distances.

Engineers also can’t use the
large shells required for special effects like “serpents” (they have swirling
tails), “whistles” (they shriek) and “tourbillions” (they spin like a top).

“It’s a definite downgrade,” Mr.
Hill said.

Still, at least one audience
will see a longer, more bombastic show thanks to the oil crisis.

When Pensacola Beach lost its
barge, organisers opted to launch its show from a fishing pier.

The long wharf extends far
enough into the Gulf that engineers can use large shells, so the effects should
be the same, said Greg Threadgill, who is working with a Pennsylvania firm,
Pyrotecnico, to produce a show that on Sunday will feature 20 percent more

“There was some cost involved in
renting a barge,” Mr. Threadgill said, “and we put that money into the show.”