All criminal cases start in the Summary Court, which is presided over by a magistrate.
Daily court lists are generally divided into criminal and traffic.
On Fridays, magistrates deal with civil lists. These include financial suits to a certain value, plus maintenance and affiliation matters.
Friday is also the usual day for Youth and Family Courts, generally presided over by a magistrate or not less than two Justices of the Peace.
The Drug Rehabilitation Court, under the direction of a magistrate, is the only treatment court established by law.
A Mental Health Court and a Domestic Violence Court currently operate on an informal basis; they are presided over by a magistrate.
Summary Court is usually held in Cayman Brac one Thursday per month, with matters continuing on the Friday if necessary.
This court is presided over by a magistrate specifically appointed as coroner. It is held for cases of sudden death or deaths in unusual circumstances. It is not concerned with criminal or civil liability. It requires a jury of seven people.
The Grand Court is presided over by a judge. It deals with criminal matters coming up from the Summary Court, for which the defendant may choose to be tried by a jury or by judge alone, as well as civil suits, including admiralty, family matters and estate matters.
The court includes a Financial Services Division.
The Grand Court hears appeals of Summary Court decisions, both criminal and civil.
COURT OF APPEAL
Overseas judges come to Cayman three times per year.
A panel of three judges hears appeals from Grand Court decisions, both criminal and civil.
The highest appeal court for the Cayman Islands is the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, for both criminal and civil matters. The Privy Council is situated in the Supreme Court building in Parliament Square in London.