Children who are overweight at the
age of four face a lifetime of ill-health, according to a leading expert.
Dr. David Haslam, a GP who chairs
the National Obesity Forum, says that the age of four is a crucial point;
because once a child starts school “the battle is lost”.
Life patterns are already
established and beginning school means the home stops being the sole place a
child’s diet is decided.
More than one in five children in
England starts their school life overweight or obese.
Some four-year-olds are so big now
that, for the first time, Marks and Spencer has launched a range of out-sized
school wear to cater for them. Such overweight and obese children are left at
increased risk of health problems such as Type 2 diabetes, cancer, heart
disease, joint and foot problems, as well as psychological problems.
‘Missing a trick’
Mr. Haslam, who is also a member of
ESCO (Experts in Severe and Complex Obesity), a group set up to improve access
and treatment for severe and complex obesity on the NHS, said giving midwives a
more active role was vital.
He warns the NHS must go “back to
the start of life” in order to prevent early childhood weight problems.
Pregnancy is the time to intervene,
he says, by asking midwives to pass on healthy eating information to expectant
He feels that by not having
midwives on board tackling obesity, the NHS is “missing a trick”.
“When mums are pregnant there is no
problem accessing 95 per cent of them as they are in and out of the GPs’ and
midwives’ office. But there is very little done on weight management.
“The life of an obese person starts
well before birth, when mum gets pregnant. What I am suggesting is that
midwifery practices be more lifestyle and obesity focused.
“By the age of four, if you haven’t
done anything to stop the problem then you have got trouble.
“This poor kid has done nothing;
there is nothing he could have done. He has a future of obesity with no chance
of having a fit and lean future.”
He said prioritising breast feeding
as vital was one key way of protecting against obesity and allergies. But he
said some are still not heeding the advice.
“I see mums and say ‘are you breast
feeding?’ and they say ‘why should I be?’ and I put my head in my hands,
because once you have moved on you can’t go back to it.”
The latest research seems to
suggest that the rate of increase is levelling off, but experts say there are
still considerable problems, with 1.5 million children who are overweight or
obese in England alone.
Sue Jacob, from the Royal College
of Midwives, said that if properly resourced her profession would welcome a
“Women trust midwives and have a
good relationship with them, but we need to be given space and resources to do
“If we had the time and resources
we could change attitudes.”
Paul Sacher, research director at
MEND, a programme which aims to encourage obese children to be more healthy,
agreed a healthy start was vital.
“Children who are obese at a very
young age are more likely to become obese adults. Being obese in early
childhood is associated with a wide range of health problems from childhood to
There are currently over a million
people in the UK with severe and complex obesity
It is currently costing the NHS
around £4.2bn and the indirect health care and societal costs are estimated at
Dr. Carel le Roux, a member of ESCO
and lead clinician from the Imperial Weight Centre at Charing Cross Hospital
said: “If a patient is overweight by the age of four that makes our life much
harder to treat in the long-term.”
He said that genetics did play a
significant part in why someone might or might not become obese – obese women
are more likely to have obese children – but he said genetics could not be
blamed for everything.
“The genetics load the gun, but the
environment pulls the trigger.”