Department of Environment researcher Jane Haakonsson examines a tagged red-footed booby on Little Cayman.

Feral cats pose a threat to rare seabird populations on the Sister Islands, according to researchers who worked on a two-year study of nesting colonies.

The numbers of red-footed booby birds on Little Cayman and brown boobies on the Brac are declining, according to Jane Haakonsson, a researcher with the Department of Environment’s terrestrial resources unit.

The department partnered with the National Trust and seabird experts from the Universities of Liverpool and Exeter in the study, which was largely funded by the U.K.’s Darwin Initiative, a grant scheme for projects aimed at protecting biodiversity.

Researchers tagged and tracked the movements of three types of seabirds on the Sister Islands, monitoring population numbers and mapping foraging routes.

Ms. Haakonsson said that while magnificent frigate bird populations were relatively stable, the numbers of both types of boobies appeared to be declining.

“We are seeing a negative population trend,” she said. “One of the biggest pressures we discovered comes from feral cat predation – we lost five adult breeding birds on a single weekend in the Brac last month, which is a high percentage because the population is quite small.”

The Department of Environment had planned to partner with the Department of Agriculture for a cull of feral cats on the Sister Islands, but that project has been postponed amid a legal challenge from animal welfare groups who are calling for a more humane approach to the problem.

According to the initial finding of the seabird study, there are fewer than 200 brown boobies on the Brac, potentially as few as 120. The red-footed booby colony on Little Cayman numbers around 2,100, while there were 1,300 frigate birds, according to population estimates.

Ms. Haakonsson said researchers had used drones and ground surveys of nests to monitor the birds. The two-year study ended last month and the findings will go toward the publication of scientific papers that will help inform conservation policy.

Birds were tracked during the study using tiny GPS tags attached to their legs to map their movements.

“The three species didn’t really overlap. They had very different foraging strategies, some of which were quite new to science. We have some really interesting publications coming up,” Ms. Haakonsson said.

“Red-footed boobies were leaving for five days at a time and going as far as Negril [in Jamaica]. Brown boobies were foraging more locally.”

Rhiannon Meier, a research associate at the Universities of Liverpool and Exeter and the coordinator of the Cayman seabirds project, said more than 150 tracks had been recovered for brown boobies, 50 from red-footed boobies, and around 100 from frigate birds. All the tracks come from adult birds tagged during the chick rearing period. Additional tagging and tracking work is being done for immature frigate birds.

She said the data showed distinct habits associated with each species.

Brown boobies stay close to their nesting sites on the Brac, usually making trips shorter than 12 hours and never going beyond 44 miles from the colony.

Red-footed boobies, based around a colony in Booby Pond, Little Cayman, traveled as far as 186 miles from their nests and were gone for days at a time. Frigate birds, which are much larger, traveled up to 560 miles from the islands, making trips that varied from a few hours up to 12 days to forage for food.

Ms. Meier said the research was vital because the seabird populations on the Sister Islands were significant.

“The red-footed booby population is considered internationally important and is one of the largest in the Caribbean, and both the frigate bird and brown booby populations are regionally important in terms of size,” she added.

If you value our service, if you have turned to us in the past few days or weeks for verified, factual updates, if you have watched our live streaming of press conferences or sent an article to a friend... please consider a donation. Quality local journalism was at risk before the coronavirus crisis. It is now deeply threatened. Even a small amount can go a long way to sustaining our mission of informing the public. We need our readers’ financial support now more than ever.



  1. The decline and extraction of birds/wildlife . Who are causing the biggest depletion of the birds , feral cats or Government /development ? I know that Grand Cayman had a lot of different species of these birds back in 60’s that are all gone today . What caused these birds to leave Grand Cayman ? Government , feral cats , or development .

    I think that the Government of the Cayman Islands needs to be more environmentally / conservation minded , and realize that we can’t continue to chase away what little wildlife the Islands have for that almighty dollar .
    I know we need development , but we also need other things too , and before we came into this world all of these birds and wildlife were here.

    If we look at what has happened to Cayman and don’t CHANGE OUR DEVELOPMENT PLANNING , the same thing will happen to Little Cayman and Brac , then we won’t have no wildlife , no marine life in the near future .

  2. Ron Clair Ebanks, in reply to the ‘missing ‘ birds,, when I was a child in Jamaica, in the 1940s the `Frigate Birds, dissapeared, but I used to visit The BitterEnd resort in BVI,from 1985,<there were many frig ate birds, but the very last time I was there in 1991, there were none to be seen, so what happened to these Magnificat birds?
    Rather mysterious. Thanks.

  3. Leighton Samms , you’re not saying anything about what’s your profession , and you’re not saying how those Islands were being populated and developed back in those years . When you can show me those facts your comment would then make sense to why those kind of birds disappeared.

  4. The Humane Society in Massachusetts has a volunteer and Veterinarian base which allows the Humane Society volunteers to trap feral cat populations, have them spayed or neutered, and placed back in the wild. We also vaccinate them for Rabies, which you may not in the Cayman but recommended. This way the population declines naturally and you do not cull. However, here in MA we have natural predators to the cat (coyote), which helps too. Unfortunately, the Cayman has no predator, unless you can breed a bigger/better blue iguana! 🙂